Peru, a country known for its rich history and diverse landscapes, is home to numerous captivating tourist attractions. Among these, Machu Picchu stands out as one of the most iconic and sought-after destinations. This ancient Incan citadel, nestled high in the Andes Mountains, draws visitors from all corners of the globe. In this article, we will delve into the history of Machu Picchu, explore its allure as a tourist magnet, provide tips for exploring this incredible site, and highlight other popular tourist attractions in Peru.

History of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu was built during the 15th century by the Inca civilization and remained hidden from the world until its rediscovery in 1911 by American historian Hiram Bingham. Believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site, Machu Picchu showcases remarkable Incan architecture and engineering. Its remote location and well-preserved structures have captivated archaeologists and historians, offering valuable insights into the Inca civilization.

Why is Machu Picchu a Tourist Magnet?

There are several reasons why Machu Picchu attracts millions of visitors each year. Firstly, its magnificent setting amidst the Andean mountains provides breathtaking panoramic views. The site’s enigmatic aura and the sense of mystery surrounding its purpose add to its allure.

Moreover, Machu Picchu offers a unique cultural experience, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the rich history and traditions of the Inca civilization. Exploring the intricate stone terraces, temples, and plazas is a journey back in time, evoking a sense of wonder and awe.

Additionally, Machu Picchu’s inclusion on the list of New Seven Wonders of the World has further increased its popularity, making it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking extraordinary experiences.

Exploring Machu Picchu: Tips and Recommendations

Visiting Machu Picchu requires some planning and preparation. Here are a few tips to make the most of your experience:

  • Book your tickets in advance, as the number of visitors allowed each day is limited.
  • Consider hiking the famous Inca Trail for a more adventurous approach to reaching Machu Picchu.
  • Take your time to explore the site and soak in its beauty. Guided tours are available for those who want a deeper understanding of its history.
  • Don’t forget to bring essentials like sunscreen, a hat, comfortable shoes, and plenty of water.

Other Popular Tourist Attractions in Peru

While Machu Picchu is undoubtedly a highlight of any trip to Peru, the country offers a myriad of other captivating destinations. Some notable attractions include:

  • The Nazca Lines: Enormous geoglyphs etched into the desert floor, depicting various animals and shapes.
  • The Amazon Rainforest: A vast expanse of lush greenery teeming with biodiversity.
  • Lake Titicaca: The highest navigable lake in the world, known for its scenic beauty and indigenous culture.
  • The Colca Canyon: One of the world’s deepest canyons, offering breathtaking views and the opportunity to spot majestic Andean condors.


Machu Picchu’s enigmatic charm and historical significance make it a standout tourist attraction in Peru. Its breathtaking landscapes, well-preserved ruins, and cultural allure continue to mesmerize visitors from around the world. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, nature lover, or adventure seeker, exploring Machu Picchu and the many other attractions in Peru is an experience that will leave you with lasting memories.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do I get to Machu Picchu?

To reach Machu Picchu, you can take a train from Cusco or Ollantaytambo to the town of Aguas Calientes. From there, a bus or a challenging hike will take you to the entrance of Machu Picchu.

2. What is the best time of year to visit Machu Picchu?

The dry season, from May to September, is generally considered the best time to visit Machu Picchu. The weather is more predictable, with less chance of rain, and the views are often clearer.

3. Are there any restrictions or limitations for visiting Machu Picchu?

Yes, there are certain restrictions in place to preserve the site. The number of visitors per day is limited, and access to some areas may require additional permits or tickets.

4. Can I hike to Machu Picchu?

Absolutely! The Inca Trail is a popular multi-day hike that leads to Machu Picchu. It offers stunning views and the opportunity to experience the Andean landscape up close. However, permits for the Inca Trail must be obtained in advance.

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